Mandarin I
Nick Name
Civilian ID




Gene Kahn

Tem Borjigin

Zhang Tong




Legal Status
Citizen of China considered to be an enemy of the state.
Nation or Planet of Origin
Group Affiliation


The Hand

Prime Movers

Base of Operations
Palace of the Star Dragon, Valley of Spirits, China
6' 2"
215 lbs.
Eye Color
Bluish - Black
Hair Color
Known Powers

Normal human with mastery of the martial arts.

Exceptional hand-to-hand combatant.

Genius level intelligence with a mastery of the alien science of the Makluan race.


Makluan Rings: Ten devices used as a near-limitless energy source for their starship warp-drive engines by the dragon-like alien race called the Makluan.

List of Rings:

  • Black Light Ring: Blue gemmed ring which can crate an area of absolute darkness.

  • Disintegration Ring: Single amber gemmed ring which destroys molecular bonds.

  • Electro-Blast Ring: Single green gemmed ring which emits a beam of high-voltage electricity.

  • Flame Blast Ring: Red gemmed ring that emits intense infrared radiation producing intense heat.

  • Ice Blast Ring: White gemmed ring that emits waves of cold which causes the air in its path to turn to ice.

  • Impact Beam Ring: Single violet pentagram gemmed ring which can produce various forms of concussive energies, magnetic waves and sonic vibrations.

  • Matter Rearranger Ring: Single small garnet gemmed ring capable of rearranging or changing the molecular activity of substances.

  • Mento-Intensifier Ring: Single blue gemmed ring which allows for the mental control of others.

  • Vortex Ring: Single small blue gemmed ring capable of creating a localized high-speed wind vortex.

  • White Light Ring: Twin small white gemmed ring capable of emitting various forms of electromagnetic energy.

Common Enemies
Iron Man I
Regularly Appearing

Iron Man Vol. 1 & 2

Tales of Suspense Vol. 1

First Appearance
Tales of Suspense #50 (Feb. 1964)
Stan Lee & Don Heck

Apparently a descendent of Genghis Khan, the man that would become known as the Mandarin was the son of a wealthy Chinese man and a British noblewoman. When both of his parents died soon after his birth, he was adopted by his father's sister. Displaying a scientific aptitude at an early age he used his inheritance for education in various sciences. As an adult he became a high government official renowned throughout China for his administrative brilliance.

With the success of the Communist revolution, the Mandarin lost his wealth, home and government position. Finding a means of restoring himself to power he explored the forbidden "Valley of Spirits," where no one had dared to enter in centuries. Within this inhospitable land he found the remains and starship of the dragon-like Makluan known as Axonn-Karr. Over the next few years the Mandarin studied and mastered Makluan technology, learning how to use the ten rings he found within the starship to attempt world domination.